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List of Viral Diseases


List of Viral Diseases


These are tables of the clinically most important viruses. A vast number of viruses cause infectious diseases, but these are the major ones.


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Clinical characteristics

The clinical characteristics of viruses may differ substantially among species within the same family:






  • droplet contact (mainly)
  • faecal-oral
  • venereal
  • direct contact (ocular infections)


faecal-oral, droplet contact

Coxsackie infections

Epstein-Barr virus


Hepatitis A virus


acute hepatitis

Hepatitis B virus

  • All body fluids (blood, semen, saliva, mother's milk etc.)

Hepatitis C virus

  • blood
  • (sexual)

Herpes simplex virus, type 1

direct contact with saliva and lesions

Herpes simplex virus, type 2

  • sexually
  • birth


  • tears
  • urine
  • semen
  • saliva
  • vaginal secretions
  • mother's milk
  • crosses placenta
  • blood

Human herpesvirus, type 8



  • sexual
  • blood
  • mother's milk


Influenza virus

droplet contact

measles virus

droplet contact

  • measles
  • postinfectious encephalomyelitis

Mumps virus

droplet contact


Human papillomavirus

direct contact

Parainfluenza virus

droplet contact




Rabies virus

  • Animal bite
  • droplet contact


Respiratory syncytial virus

droplet contact, hand-to-mouth

  • bronchiolitis
  • pneumonia
  • influenza-like syndrome
  • severe bronchiolitis with pneumonia

Rubella virus

droplet contact

Varicella-zoster virus

droplet contact


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