Wikipedia has the following to say about Orthopaedic Surgery:
Orthopaedic surgery or orthopaedics (also spelled orthopedics) is the branch of surgery concerned with conditions involving the musculoskeletal system. Orthopaedic surgeons use both surgical and nonsurgical means to treat musculoskeletal trauma, sports injuries, degenerative diseases, infections, tumours, and congenital disorders.
Nicholas Andry coined the word "orthopaedics", derived from Greek words for orthos ("correct", "straight") and paideion ("child"), when he published Orthopaedia: or the Art of Correcting and Preventing Deformities in Children in 1741.
In the United States orthopaedics is standard, although the majority of university and residency programs, and even the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, still use Andry's spelling. Elsewhere, usage is not uniform; in Canada, both spellings are acceptable; orthopaedics usually prevails in the rest of the Commonwealth, especially in Britain.
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