Free State Psychiatric Complex (Oranje Hospital) - Bloemfontein, Free State, South Africa

Area: Bloemfontein, Free State, South Africa
Region: Free State
Physical Address: 35 Nico Van Der Merwe Avenue, Oranjesig, Bloemfontein, Free State, South Africa
Postal Address: Private Bag X20607, Bloemfontein, 9300, South Africa
Phone: +27 (0)51 407 9260 / 381
Fax: +27 (0)51 407 9211
Contact Person: Martie Bezuidenhout
GPS Co-Ordinates: 29° 08´ 01.88" S; 26° 12´ 33.35" E

State Hospitals - Free State Psychiatric Complex (Oranje Hospital) - Bloemfontein, Free State, South Africa


The idea for a Psychiatric Institution originated in 1875 when the State President of that time reported that two mentally disturbed patients were located in Kroonstad and the Caledon River.


The first buildings of the hospital were erected in Bloemfontein on 8 May 1883. The hospital was officially opened in 1884. The main focus was care of the mentally disturbed


Other buildings like the Recreation Hall, Main Kitchen, Laundry and Stores were built in 1923. Major extensions took place in the sixties, seventies, eighties and nineties.


In 1986 the treatment became more scientifically based and the Diagnostic Statistical Manual (DSM) classification system came to light. The multi-professional team approach was established and the hospital divided into a Psychiatric division and the Care and Rehabilitation Centre for mentally challenged.


The name of the Hospital was changed from Oranje Hospital to Free State Psychiatric Complex by the MEC.DOHFS on the 29 April 2003 in line with the Dept plan to rename the hospitals in the Province. 


Today Free State Psychiatric Complex consists of 877 approved beds and provides services to the Free State province and parts of the Northern Cape.


The Free State Psychiatric Complex caters for in and out patient services for adult and children of the Free State Province and is situated in the centre of Bloemfontein. The institution is also responsible for outreach services into the Free State community for Mental

Health Care services.


The Institution with its 877 approved beds is allocated as follow:

  • Forensic  Unit –  144
  • Acute Psychiatry Services - 68
  • Observation  Unit – 20
  • Psycho – Geriatric Unit – 55
  • Long term Unit - 120
  • Kosmos Care and Rehabilitation Centre – 470

The institution proximally sees 495 Adult outpatients and 430 Child and Adolescent outpatients per month.



Copyright – Free State Department of Health

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